St. Petersburg State University Department of Chemistry

Division of General and Inorganic Chemistry

Luminescent Transition Metal Complexes Group

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Russian Science Foundation grant 22-23-00287,
principal investigator S.K. Petrovskii

The novel class of molecular emitters: bis-alkynyl Au(I) complexes featuring intramolecular charge transfer

The focus of interest in modern inorganic chemistry is creation of materials with targeted electronic and physical characteristics using molecular design of transition metal complexes and the development of optical devices based on them. The subject of the project is a new cationic bis-alkynylgold(I) complexes with cationic centers on periphery that will be obtained and investigated. Synthesis of the complexes will be preceded by the synthesis of the corresponding acetylenes with corresponding cationic centers. The novel Au(I) homoleptic bis-alkynyl complexes are planned to have unique electronic properties, that facilitate efficient metal to ligand charge transfer, which is a promising feature in terms of their photophysical characteristics. At the same time, varying the nature of the cationic center and linker will provide the possibility of fine tuning of their electronic and photophysical characteristics. The content of the project, its main goals and objectives are on the cutting edge of current research in the field of gold(I) organometallic chemistry and have fundamental scientific novelty.

Russian Science Foundation grant 21-13-00052,
principal investigator E.V. Grachova

Functional hybrid molecular systems based on transition metal complexes

The project is aimed to the creation of a new generation of heterometallic functional supramolecular systems using complexes of transition metals as pre-organized building blocks. The set of synthetic objects is united by the synthetic strategy, which consists in the targeted selection of the metal atom and the thoughtful design of the ligand environment both near location of the metal center and at the periphery of the coordination sphere. These two complimentary factors will allow the control of the organization of the condensed phase through the implementation of non-covalent interactions. Step-by-step movement along the hierarchy of molecular systems from complexes of transition metals to heterometallic molecular assemblies, and then to functional hybrid supramolecular systems, will allow to come one step closer to real nanomaterials and will contribute to the development of modern and future technologies designed for storage, conversion and transfer of energy, that based on the properties of single molecules.

RFBR grant 21-53-12028,
principal investigator I.S. Kritchenkov

A multi-parameter and simultaneous study of energy metabolism, oxygenation and intracellular pH using metabolic FLIM and PLIM of novel iridium phosphorescent complexes

The aim of the presented joint project is to create new phosphorescent sensors for visualizing and monitoring changes in pH and oxygen concentration in biological systems using time-resolved bioimaging while simultaneously monitoring metabolic processes by the values of the lifetimes of the coenzymes NADH and FAD. Determination and monitoring of oxygen concentration and pH values is an extremely urgent task, since any deviations of these values from the norm can lead to pathological changes in cells and tissues, or indicate such processes. In terms of creating sensors for oxygen, phosphorescent compounds have an undoubted advantage, since, in contrast to fluorophores and due to the triplet nature of their emission, they give a strong sensory response of the lifetime to changes in the concentration of O2. As for the creation of pH-sensitive phosphorescent labels, this problem has a significant novelty, since only a small number of such compounds are described in the literature. The introduction of vector groups into the target complexes will give them a specific affinity for mitochondria, the study of metabolic processes and the determination of oxygen concentration and pH values in which is one of the urgent problems of cell physiology. Thus, the planned studies on the synthesis of new phosphorescent complexes that can be used as sensors for oxygen and pH in biological systems will open up new possibilities for studying the processes of cell vital activity using the most modern methods of luminescence microscopy.

RFBR grant 20-53-S52001,
principal investigator P.S. Chelushkin

Phosphorescent polymer micelles for lifetime oxygen biosensing

Current project is aimed at design of phosphorescent micelles composed from amphiphilic diblock copolymers and phosphorescent water-insoluble emitters. In such micelles, the inner core is formed by hydrophobic blocks and is used to solubilize water-insoluble phosphors, whereas the hydrophilic polymer chains of the outer shell stabilize the micelles in water and prevent the contact of hydrophobic phosphors with bio-macromolecules owing to steric barriers. At the same time, the relatively small sizes of luminescent micelles (total dimensions - 20-50 nm, core sizes - 10-15 nm) will ensure the diffusion of oxygen and thus retain the sensitivity of phosphorescence lifetime with respect to this analyte. The developed polymer micelles are intended to serve as oxygen sensors operating in the Phosphorescence Lifetime Imaging (PLIM) mode - the most reliable approach for oxygen sensing in biological objects based on the excited state lifetime measurements.

Russian Science Foundation grant 19-13-00132,
principal investigator S.P. Tunik

Design, synthesis and application of novel luminescent sensors for functional bio-imaging based on phosphorescent transition metal complexes

Current project is aimed at design and elaboration of targeted synthetic protocols for preparation of luminescent transition metal complexes, which possess predetermined photophysical and physicochemical characteristics that make possible their application in functional bio-imaging as sensors/probes for such physiological parameters as oxygen content, pH and temperature in biological samples by using advanced time-resolved macro- and microscopic techniques. Under the framework of the project it is planned to synthesize luminescent iridium and rhenium complexes, which display excitation and emission spectra in the window of transparency of biological tissues that paves the way for their application in deep in vivo imaging of oxygen distribution in such bio-objects as experimental animals and 3D models of tumors. Nontoxic complexes of this sort may also be used as indicator dyes in light-driven surgery. The project program also includes the design of the pH sensors by measurements of emission lifetime in bichromophore compounds containing pH-sensitive dye and phosphorescent emitter, which are jointed together as a FRET-pair. The structure and optical characteristics of these conjugates will display a considerable sensoric response of the emission lifetime onto pH variations in physiological interval. Additionally, it is planned to design and to synthesize biocompatible polymeric nanoparticles containing incorporated thermosensitive europium complexes for the measurement of local temperature in bio-samples with submicron resolution and the precision of ca 0.2 Celsius degree in the physiological interval of temperature.

Russian Science Foundation grant 19-73-20055,
principal investigator J.R. Shakirova

New organometallic phosphors: design of triplet emitters with adjustable photophysical characteristics

The project implies a fundamental research to obtain a new type rationally designed luminophores based on Cu(I), Re(I), Pt(II) ions and bulky symmetric and asymmetric 2,2'-bipyridines. Also various heteroligands (phosphines, isonitriles, alkyne) as part of the described objects are capable to adjust the photophysical properties of the target compounds. Within the project, an important academic task is not only the design and synthesis of the new emitters, but the investigations of their photoluminescent parameters to establish the relationship between the electronic structure of the coordination environment and the photophysical properties.

Russian Science Foundation grant 18-73-10021 (in co-operation with Privolzhskiy Research Medical University),
principal investigator I.S. Kritchenkov

Design and synthesis of phosphorescent transition metals complexes for bioimaging applications

The main scientific problem for the solution of which the project is aimed at is the design of luminescent sensors for mapping the metabolic and physicochemical parameters of biological objects, in particular, for monitoring intra- and intercellular levels of oxygen by time-resolved bioimaging or ratiometric experiments. The task of design of phosphorescent ‘platforms’ based on known types of metal complexes, which display predetermined photophysical characteristics and are suitable for modification with the help of relatively simple chemical approaches, is extremely urgent problem, the solution of which will significantly advance the experimental biomedical research, including such areas as anticancer therapy or studying the mechanisms of complex physiological processes.
Within the framework of this project, it is planned to obtain a number of new triplet phosphors that, on the one hand, can be used by themselves (either in the form bioconjugates) for imaging in ratiometric mode or using the phosphorescence lifetime imaging (PLIM). On the other hand, these complexes will be the platform, which can be easily functionalized to expand the ways of using, depending on the tasks assigned.

Last update 04.10.2022, design Ludmila Kuchina, content Elena Grachova, (c)2012-2022